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You've searched: Archival Photographs from the University of Montana

  • All fields: Douglas fir
(91 results)



Display: 100

    • Across Dearborn River toward Steamboat Mountain

    • 1981-09-07
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Dearborn River (Mont.); Douglas fir; Limber pine
    • Across Dearborn River toward Steamboat Mountain, Montana. Plate 26b (September 7, 1981) 60 years later. Camera was moved backward to avoid Douglas-fir and limber pine which screened original view. Scene shows a marked change in tree cover on the...
    • Across Dearborn River toward Steamboat Mountain

    • 1921
    • Dearborn River (Mont.); Sun River Valley (Mont.); Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir; Conifers
    • Across Dearborn River toward Steamboat Mountain, Montana. Plate 26a (July 10, 1921) Fire Group 5: Cool-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 5000 ft (1524 m). Looking northwest across the Dearborn River towards Steamboat Mountain from a point approximately...
    • Across Smith Creek toward Crown Mountain

    • 1900
    • Rocky Mountains; Lewis and Clark National Forest (Mont.); Douglas fir; Aspen; Willows; Prunus virginiana; Forests and forestry
    • Across Smith Creek toward Crown Mountain on east front of Rockies. Plate 23a. Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 5300 ft. (1616 m). From the ridge about 5 miles west of Haystack Butte, the view is southwest across Smith Creek toward Crown...
    • Across Smith Creek toward Crown Mountain

    • 1981-09-16
    • Rocky Mountains; Lewis and Clark National Forest (Mont.); Douglas fir; Forests and forestry
    • Across Smith Creek toward Crown Mountain on east front of Rockies. Plate 23b. Slopes below camera point and adjacent terrain as well as near slope are now densely covered by Douglas-fir. View was obtained by cutting screening fir and climbing one...
    • Across Sun River toward Home Gulch

    • 1899-07
    • Sun River Valley (Mont.); Sun River (Mont. : River); Douglas fir; Rivers; Mountains; Forests and forestry
    • Across Sun River toward Home Gulch. Plate 22a. Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 4800 ft. (1463 m). Looking south-southwest across the Sun River toward Home Gulch from upper ridge in Wagner Basin. Effects of past fires are shown as snags...
    • Alder Gulch above Virginia City, Montana

    • 1981
    • Mines and mineral resources -- Environmental aspects; Alder Gulch (Madison County, Mont.); Juniperus scopulorum; Douglas fir; Wheatgrasses; Shrubs; Trees
    • Alder Gulch 2.2 miles above Virginia City, Montana. Plate 68b (July 28, 1981) 110 years later. The large Douglas-fir in foreground-left (arrow) is the same pictured in the original scene. Regeneration of Douglas-fir and Rocky Mountain juniper on...
    • Alder Gulch above Virginia City, Montana

    • 1871
    • Mines and mineral resources -- Environmental aspects; Alder Gulch (Madison County, Mont.); Juniperus scopulorum; Douglas fir; Wheatgrasses; Wildfires -- Environmental aspects
    • Alder Gulch 2.2 miles above Virginia City, Montana. Plate 68a (1871) Fire Group 5: Cool-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 6000 ft (1829 m). An east-northeast view up Alder Gulch 2.2 miles above Virginia City, Montana. Placer mining following discovery of...
    • Alder Gulch above Virginia City, Montana

    • 1871
    • Mines and mineral resources -- Environmental aspects; Alder Gulch (Madison County, Mont.); Juniperus scopulorum; Douglas fir; Wheatgrasses; Wildfires -- Environmental aspects
    • Alder Gulch 2.2 miles above Virginia City, Montana. Plate 68a (1871) Fire Group 5: Cool-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 6000 ft (1829 m). An east-northeast view up Alder Gulch 2.2 miles above Virginia City, Montana. Placer mining following discovery of...
    • Bear Creek Ranger Station with Madison Range

    • 1979
    • Madison Range (Mont.); Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir; Aspen
    • Bear Creek Ranger Station with Madison Range in background. Plate 61b (August 29, 1979) 43 years later. Openings formerly occupied by aspen are now dominated by Douglas-fir. Where aspen have not been in competition with conifers, aspen stands have...
    • Bear Creek Ranger Station with Madison Range

    • 1936
    • Madison Range (Mont.); Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir; Aspen
    • Bear Creek Ranger Station with Madison Range in background. Plate 61a (1936) Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 6400 ft (1951 m). Looking south-southeast toward the Madison Range from a bench above the old Bear Creek Ranger Station,...
    • Beaver Creek near Nelson, Montana

    • 1980-07-24
    • Landscape photography; Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir; Understory plants;
    • Beaver Creek 3.2 miles downstream from Nelson, Montana. Plate 29b. Douglas-fir regenerated following the late 1800's fire. Understory vegetation, including mountain maple, snowberry, buffaloberry, serviceberry, and currant, has since deteriorated...
    • Beaver Creek near Nelson, Montana

    • 1900
    • Landscape photography; Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir; Conifers; Understory plants;
    • Beaver Creek 3.2 miles downstream from Nelson, Montana. Plate 29a. Fire Group 4: Warm-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 4000 ft (1220 m). The camera faces due south across Beaver Creek at a point 3.2 miles downstream from Nelson, Montana, on Helena Ranger...
    • Blake Creek on south side of Big Snowy Mountains

    • 1909
    • Lewis and Clark National Forest (Mont.); Rivers; Mountains; Canyons; Ponderosa pine; Douglas fir; Shrubs; Forests and forestry
    • Blake Creek on south side of Big Snowy Mountains. Plate 44a. Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 6,100 ft. (1,860 m) Looking north-northwest up Blake Creek at a point 1 mile above forest boundary on south side of Big Snowy Mountains, Lewis...
    • Blake Creek on south side of Big Snowy Mountains

    • 1980-08-20
    • Lewis and Clark National Forest (Mont.); Rivers; Mountains; Canyons; Douglas fir; Conifers; Forests and forestry
    • Blake Creek on south side of Big Snowy Mountains. Plate 44b. Camera was moved left of original point to avoid trees that screened early view. Regeneration of Douglas-fir has resulted in a landscape dominated by conifers. The rock outcrop visible...
    • Campfire Lodge Resort in Madison River Canyon

    • 1981-07-15
    • Madison River (Wyo. and Mont.); Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir; Aspen; Bromegrasses; Epilobium angustifolium; Madison River Valley (Wyo. and Mont.)
    • Campfire Lodge Resort in Madison River Canyon. Plate 72b. Structures made it necessary to move camera to left of original position. Canyon bottom shows evidence of having been cultivated earlier. Smooth brome and fireweed comprise a significant...
    • Close-up of rock outcrop on Blake Creek

    • 1980-08-20
    • Outcrops (Geology); Sandstone; Fergus County (Mont.); Canyons; Douglas fir; Forests and forestry
    • Close-up of rock outcrop on Blake Creek. Plate 45b. This view was offset approximately 100 yards south of original point to avoid Douglas-fir which screened original view. The dense Douglas-fir stand now almost totally obstructs view of rock...
    • Close-up of rock outcrop on Blake Creek

    • 1909
    • Outcrops (Geology); Sandstone; Fergus County (Mont.); Canyons; Douglas fir; Forests and forestry
    • Close-up of rock outcrop on Blake Creek. Plate 45a. Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 6,100 ft. (1,860 m) Close up view of rock outcrop shown in previous plate. The presence of Douglas-fir regeneration and the condition of snags suggest...
    • Constructing the Mosier Dredge

    • 1932; 1933; 1934
    • Dredges; Gold mines and mining -- Equipment and supplies; Dredges -- Design and construction
    • Construction of the Mosier dredge at Pioneer Gulch, Montana. In operation in December 1933. The screen framing for the dredge measured 18' by 18' and was made of Douglas Fir.
    • Cyanide Mountain on the Wood Canyon drainage

    • 1981-09-16
    • Rocky Mountains; Mountains; Douglas fir; Forests and forestry; Aspen; Conifers
    • Cyanide Mountain on the Wood Canyon drainage. Plate 24b. Camera was moved about 100 yards down slope from original position to avoid trees that screened view. Closure of Douglas-fir canopy (lower left) has resulted in deterioration of aspen and...
    • Cyanide Mountain on the Wood Canyon drainage

    • 1900
    • Rocky Mountains; Mountains; Douglas fir; Forests and forestry; Aspen
    • Cyanide Mountain on the Wood Canyon drainage. Plate 24-a. Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 5300 ft. (1616 m). Looking west-northwest toward Cyanide Mountain on the Wood Canyon drainage, Rocky Mountain Front, from a point approximately 50...
    • Daphnia Pond and Swan Range on Flathead Lake

    • 1981-09-28
    • Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Flathead Lake (Mont.); Douglas fir; Ponderosa pine; Larches; Spruce; Typha; Cottonwood; Dogwoods
    • Daphnia Pond and Swan Range on the east side of Flathead Lake. Plate 8b (September 28, 1981) 79 years later. Fall haze obscures Swan Range in distance. Cattail growth now obscures pond surface. Dense conifers including ponderosa pine, Douglas-fir,...
    • Dearborn River south of Augusta, Montana

    • 1981-09-07
    • Dearborn River (Mont.); Augusta (Mont.); Douglas fir; Aspen; Willows; Forests and forestry; Rivers; Mountains; Black cottonwood
    • Dearborn River south of Augusta, Montana. Plate 25b. Cabin in 1900 photo is no longer standing. Drainage bottom in midground now supports mature cottonwoods, aspen, and willow. Slopes in distance which were formerly open are now largely covered by...
    • Dearborn River south of Augusta, Montana

    • 1900
    • Dearborn River (Mont.); Augusta (Mont.); Douglas fir; Aspen; Willows; Forests and forestry; Ranches; Rivers; Mountains; Dwellings
    • Dearborn River south of Augusta, Montana. Plate 25a. Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 4500 ft. (1372 m). A southeast view from low bluff on Wallace Bean Ranch. Location is on Dearborn River south of Augusta, Montana. Snags and early...
    • Deep Creek, Beaverhead Mountains in distance

    • 1981
    • Beaverhead Mountains (Idaho and Mont.); Douglas fir; Conifers; Forests and forestry
    • Deep Creek, Beaverhead Mountains in distance. Plate 52b. Douglas-fir shows a marked increase in density along Deep Creek and on the distant slopes of the Beaverhead Mountains. Sites that formerly supported few or no conifers are now covered by...
    • Deep Creek, Beaverhead Mountains in distance

    • 1871
    • Beaverhead Mountains (Idaho and Mont.); Douglas fir; Conifers; Forests and forestry
    • Deep Creek, Beaverhead Mountains in distance. Plate 52a. Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 7,900 ft. (2,409 m) Looking south across Deep Creek at Beaverhead Mountains in distance. Camera point is on ridge above conifer stand indicated by...
    • Dirty Dick Gulch north of Philipsburg

    • 1981-07-21
    • Philipsburg (Mont.); Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Grasses; Douglas fir; Conifers; Junipers; Idaho fescue
    • Dirty Dick Gulch - Two miles north of Philipsburg, Montana. Plate 15b. Production of bluebunch wheatgrass has declined because of encroachment of Douglas-fir and Rocky Mountain juniper. A dense Douglas-fir stand now occupies canyon bottom and north...
    • Dirty Dick Gulch north of Philipsburg

    • 1906; 1907; 1908
    • Philipsburg (Mont.); Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Trees; Grasses; Douglas fir; Junipers; Idaho fescue
    • Dirty Dick Gulch - Two miles north of Philipsburg, Montana. Plate 15a. Fire Group 5: Cool-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 5,600 ft (1,707 m). The camera faces west down Dirty Dick Gulch approximately two miles north of Philipsburg, Mont. Ground cover on...
    • Elkhorn Mountains of west-central Montana

    • 1982-09-03
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Logging -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir; Lodgepole pine
    • Elkhorn Mountains of west-central Montana. Plate 71b (September 3, 1981). 80 years later. Camera has been elevated to an opening on a ridge that allows a partial view of original scene. Dense Douglas-fir and lodgepole pine now cover most of the...
    • Elkhorn, Montana

    • 1901
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Logging -- Environmental aspects; Elkhorn (Jefferson County, Mont.) -- Buildings, structures, etc.; Douglas fir
    • Elkhorn, Montana. Plate 71a (1901) Fire group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 6600 ft (2012 m). The camera faces northeast from a point high on the slope above Elkhorn, an early mining town in the Elkhorn Mountains of west-central Montana. Adjacent...
    • Evaro Hill toward Jocko Mountains

    • 1941-06-05
    • Jocko Valley (Mont.); Douglas fir; Ponderosa pine; Larches; Lodgepole pine; Forests and forestry; Railroad trains; Roads; Western larch; Mountains
    • Evaro Hill toward Jocko Mountains. Plate 11a. Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 3,900 ft. (1,889 m) Camera faces east-northeast across Evaro Hill towards the Jocko Mountains from a point 0.5 miles below Evaro, Montana. Shrub cover on...
    • Evaro Hill toward Jocko Mountains

    • 1979-10-05
    • Jocko Valley (Mont.); Douglas fir; Forests and forestry; Mountains; Roads; Conifers; Understory plants; Willows
    • Evaro Hill toward Jocko Mountains. Plate 11b. Camera was offset approximately 300 feet south and 200 feet above original position to avoid screening conifers. Slope is now covered by a dense stand of conifers dominated by Douglas-fir. Shrub...
    • Flathead River and Apgar Mountain

    • 1981-08-28
    • Flathead River (B.C. and Mont.); Mountains; Rivers; Forests and forestry; Spruce; Larches; Fir; Douglas fir; Abies lasiocarpa; Lodgepole pine; Forests and forestry
    • Flathead River and Apgar Mountain (L center). Plate 10b. Valley bottom and adjacent slopes in distance are now densely covered by lodgepole pine, Douglas-fir, subalpine fir, spruce, and larch. The rich subalpine fir habitat types in this valley...
    • Flint Creek Range

    • 1906; 1907; 1908
    • Flint Creek Range (Mont.); Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Grazing; Moraines; Douglas fir; Grasslands
    • Flint Creek Range. Plate 14a. Fire Group 5: Cool-dry Douglas fir. Elevation 5,500 ft (1,611 m). Looking east towards Flint Creek Range from bench between Fred Burr Creek and Summer Gulch. Grassland in foreground and midground has been grazed...
    • Fort Ellis, 3 miles east of Bozeman, Montana

    • 1893; 1894; 1895
    • Fort Ellis (Mont.); Gallatin County (Mont.); Douglas fir; Limber pine; Conifers; Bridger Range (Mont.); Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Clearcutting -- Environmental aspects
    • Former location of Fort Ellis, 3 miles east of Bozeman, Montana. Plate 76a. Fire Group 4: Warm-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 4900 ft. (1494 m). The camera faces northeast towards Fort Ellis, formerly located approximately three miles east of Bozeman,...
    • Gallatin Canyon

    • 1979-08-29
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir; Cottonwood; Junipers; Aspen; Willows; Cliffs; Shrubs
    • Gallatin Canyon 1.5 miles above the joining of Squaw Creek with the Gallatin River. Plate 73b (August 29, 1979) 53 years later. Camera point was moved forward approximately 30 feet to avoid juniper and Douglas-fir that screened original view....
    • Gallatin Canyon

    • 1926
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir; Aspen; Conifers; Shrubs; Cliffs
    • Gallatin Canyon 1.5 miles above the joining of Squaw Creek with the Gallatin River. Plate 73a (1926) Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 5600 ft (1707 m) Looking west into the Gallatin Canyon from a point on Squaw Creek 1.5 miles above its...
    • Goat Creek above mouth of the Thompson River

    • 1928
    • Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir
    • Goat Creek 2 miles above mouth of the Thompson River, Montana. Plate 6a (July 9, 1928) Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 2,500 ft (762 m) Looking west-northwest up Goat Creek from the H. J. Corley homestead 2 miles above the mouth of the...
    • Goat Creek above mouth of the Thompson River

    • 1981
    • Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir; Ponderosa pine; Conifers; Shrubs
    • Goat Creek 2 miles above mouth of the Thompson River. Plate 6b (September 9, 1981) 53 years later. State Highway 200 now runs through foreground. Closure of Douglas-fir and ponderosa pine forest canopy on slope at left has resulted in decline in...
    • Hassel, Montana

    • 1880; 1881; 1882; 1883; 1884; 1885; 1886; 1887; 1888; 1889
    • Cities and towns; Douglas fir; Junipers; Conifers; Limber pine
    • Hassel, Montana. Plate 35a (Ca. 1880) Fire Group 4: Warm-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 5,200 ft (1,585 m) Looking east-southeast over Hassel, Montana. This site is on Indian Creek west of Townsend and adjacent to the Helena National Forest. Ground...
    • Indian Creek west of Townsend, Montana

    • 1980-07-28
    • Townsend (Mont.); Mines and mineral resources -- Environmental aspects; Sagebrush; Douglas fir; Junipers; Cottonwood; Alder; Willows
    • Indian Creek west of Townsend, Montana. Plate 35b (July 28, 1980) Ca. 100 years later. Past mining operations have drastically altered the canyon bottom. Disturbed dry areas are now thickly covered by mountain big sagebrush, while moist sites along...
    • Knowles Creek, a tributary to the Clark Fork River

    • 1928-07-05
    • Clark Fork (Mont. and Idaho); Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir; Ponderosa pine; Shrubs; Purshia tridentata
    • Knowles Creek, a tributary to the Clark Fork River. Plate 7a. Fire Group2: Warm-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 2,800 ft (854 m) camera faces north-northwest towards Knowles Creek, a tributary to the Clark Fork River about 6.5 miles west of Perma on...
    • Lick Creek timber sale near Como Lake

    • 1909
    • Bitterroot River Valley (Mont.); Como, Lake (Mont.); Bitterroot National Forest (Mont. and Idaho); Timber; Ponderosa pine; Understory plants; Men; Horses; Forests and forestry; Trees
    • Lick Creek timber sale near Como Lake. Plate 12a. Fire Group 4: Warm-dry Douglas fir. Elevation 4,400 ft. (1,341m) A Northwesterly view showing cleanup operations on the Lick Creek timber sale, Bitterroot National Forest near Como Lake. The...
    • Lick Creek timber sale near Como Lake

    • 1979-09
    • Bitterroot River Valley (Mont.); Como, Lake (Mont.); Bitterroot National Forest (Mont. and Idaho); Trees; Ponderosa pine; Douglas fir; Understory plants
    • Lick Creek timber sale near Como Lake. Plate 12b. Camera point replicated original position. Soil disturbance during logging and exclusion of wildfire allowed ponderosa pine and Douglas-fir seedlings to become established and develop into dense...
    • Madison River below Highway 84 bridge

    • 1871
    • Madison River (Wyo. and Mont.); Rivers; Bridges; Roads; Douglas fir; Limber pine; Juniperus scopulorum; Cercocarpus ledifolius; Gallatin County (Mont.)
    • Madison River .3 miles below present Highway 84 bridge crossing. Plate 70a. Mahogany fire group. Elevation 4500 ft. (1372 m). Looking south-southeast across the Madison River at a point .3 miles below present Highway 84 bridge crossing at Beartrap...
    • Madison River below Highway 84 bridge

    • 1982-08-31
    • Madison River (Wyo. and Mont.); Rivers; Bridges; Roads; Douglas fir; Limber pine; Juniperus scopulorum; Cercocarpus ledifolius; Gallatin County (Mont.)
    • Madison River .3 miles below present Highway 84 bridge crossing. Plate 70b. Logging in the latter 1800's and the absence of fire allowed mahogany to proliferate. Note the large stand at right (arrow) that is growing on a site formerly dominated by...
    • Madison River Canyon

    • 1872
    • Madison River (Wyo. and Mont.); Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir; Sagebrush; Conifers; Aspen; Madison River Valley (Wyo. and Mont.)
    • Madison River Canyon looking toward outlet of Cabin Creek. Plate 72a. Fire group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 6400 ft (1951 m). From Madison River Canyon at site now occupied by Campfire Lodge Resort (below Hebgen Lake), the view is...
    • Mouth of Hellgate, Big Belt Mountains

    • 1981-07-30
    • Big Belt Mountains (Mont.); Helena National Forest (Mont.); Canyons; Douglas fir; Juniperus scopulorum; Cercocarpus ledifolius
    • Mouth of Hellgate, Big Belt Mountains. Plate 33b. Cover on southerly exposure has increased markedly as a result of Douglas-fir and Rocky Mountain juniper regeneration. Shrub cover including curlleaf mountain mahogany has increased on...
    • North Fork of Big Hole River

    • 1916
    • Big Hole River (Mont.); Landscape photography; Forest fires; Douglas fir; Battlefields
    • North Fork of Big Hole River toward Battle Mountain. Plate 47a (1916) Fire Group 5: Cool-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 6,600 ft (2,012 m). A View north-northwest across the north fork of the Big Hole River towards Battle Mountain. Scene is on the Big...
    • Northwest corner of the Sun River Game Range

    • 1909
    • Sun River Valley (Mont.); Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir; Aspen
    • Northwest corner of the Sun River Game Range, Montana. Plate 20a (1909) Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 4600 ft (1402 m) Looking south from a point that today is just outside the northwest corner of the Sun River Game Range. Basin...
    • Papoose Creek toward the Madison Range

    • 1927-09-22
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Madison Range (Mont.); Beaverhead National Forest (Mont.); Spruce; Douglas fir; Aspen
    • Looking north across Papoose Creek toward the Madison Range, Montana. Plate 60a (September 22, 1927) Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 7400 ft (2256 m). Looking north across Papoose Creek (mid-ground) toward the Madison Range, southeast of...
    • Papoose Creek toward the Madison Range

    • 1981-06-24
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Madison Range (Mont.); Beaverhead National Forest (Mont.); Spruce; Douglas fir; Aspen
    • Looking north across Papoose Creek toward the Madison Range. Plate 60b (June 24, 1981) 54 years later. Camera was moved approximately 50 yards down ridge to the only view that was not fully screened by growth of trees. The absence of fire has...
    • Prichard Creek from mouth of Dream Gulch

    • 1980-06-30
    • Landscape photography; Douglas fir; Conifers; Cottonwood
    • Prichard Creek from mouth of Dream Gulch. Plate 4b. Highway construction altered landscape in foreground. Camera point is approximate. Cottonwood and conifer regeneration screens view of Prichard Creek. Distant slope at right is now covered by...
    • Residence in Ross Hole

    • 1894; 1895; 1896
    • Sula (Mont.); Bitterroot National Forest (Mont. and Idaho); Log cabins; Dwellings; Wagons; Trees; Fences; Mountains; Douglas fir; Ponderosa pine; Understory plants
    • Jake Wetzsteon residence in Ross Hole. Plate 13a. Fire Group 4: Warm-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 4,400 ft. (1,341 m). Looking west at the Jake Wetzsteon residence in Ross' Hole 0.7 miles north of Highway 472-State Highway 93 junction. The drier...
    • Residence in Ross Hole

    • 1980-06-17
    • Sula (Mont.); Bitterroot National Forest (Mont. and Idaho); Log cabins; Dwellings; Trees; Mountains; Douglas fir; Ponderosa pine; Understory plants
    • Jake Wetzsteon residence in Ross Hole. Plate 13b. New road alignment necessitated placement of camera at lower position. Fire exclusion and no logging have allowed unrestricted development of conifers. Fire scar sampling of ponderosa pine in this...
    • Rocky Creek Canyon south of Red Lodge, Montana

    • 1981-07-08
    • Red Lodge (Mont.); Canyons; Carbon County (Mont.); Limber pine; Douglas fir; Spruce
    • Rocky Creek Canyon 5 miles south of Red Lodge, Montana. Plate 81b. Camera point was moved across U.S. Highway 212 in order to avoid trees which screened original view. Deciduous vegetation along stream course is being replaced by Douglas-fir and...
    • Romy Lake with Gravelly Range in the background

    • 1914
    • Beaverhead National Forest (Mont.); Douglas fir; Conifers; Forests and forestry; Aspen; Willows
    • Romy Lake with Gravelly Range in the background. Plate 62a. Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 6900 ft. (2104 m). Looking north across Romy Lake in the Gravelly Range, Beaverhead National Forest. Lake shoreline and flats in distance are...
    • Romy Lake with Gravelly Range in the background

    • 1980-07-08
    • Beaverhead National Forest (Mont.); Douglas fir; Conifers; Forests and forestry; Aspen; Willows
    • Romy Lake with Gravelly Range in the background. Plate 62b. Raising of the lake level apparently killed willows. On the flats in the distance, willows are smaller than in 1914. Douglas-fir and other conifers have regenerated in the large opening...
    • Ruby River & Gravelly Range near Vigilante Station

    • 1981-06-02
    • Ruby Valley (Mont.); Ruby River (Mont.); Douglas fir; Aspen; Sagebrush; Forests and forestry
    • Ruby River and Gravelly Range near Vigilante Station. Plate 63b. Douglas-fir now dominates both the sagebrush on the near slope and the aspen in the drainages. Distant slopes show increase in tree cover on both dry and moist sites.
    • Ruby River & Gravelly Range near Vigilante Station

    • 1936-08
    • Ruby Valley (Mont.); Ruby River (Mont.); Douglas fir; Juniperus scopulorum; Aspen; Limber pine; Sagebrush; Forests and forestry
    • Ruby River and Gravelly Range near Vigilante Station. Plate 63a. Fire Group 5: Cool-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 6500 ft. (1982 m). Looking east from the Lewis Creek bench toward the Ruby River and Gravelly Range, near Vigilante Station, Beaverhead...
    • Sheep Creek near Calf Creek Guard Station

    • 1979-09-12
    • White Sulphur Springs Ranger District (Mont.); Douglas fir; Trees; Aspen; Forests and forestry; Mountains; Rivers; Mountain big sagebrush
    • Sheep Creek near Calf Creek Guard Station. Plate 41b. Mountain big sagebrush has become established in foreground, while cottonwood trees which formerly occupied streambank at lower-center are gone. Increased density and growth of Douglas-fir...
    • Sheep Creek near Calf Creek Guard Station

    • 1927-09
    • White Sulphur Springs Ranger District (Mont.); Douglas fir; Conifers; Aspen; Cattle; Forests and forestry; Mountains; Rivers
    • Sheep Creek near Calf Creek Guard Station. Plate 41a. Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 5,400 ft. (1,646 m) Looking south across Sheep Creek in the vicinity of the Calf Creek Guard Station, White Sulphur Springs Ranger District. Far...
    • Slope outside of old mining town of Marysville

    • 1981-07-24
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Marysville (Mont.); Douglas fir; Shrubs; Aspen; Willows
    • Slope outside of old mining town of Marysville, Montana. Plate 28b (July 24, 1981) 80 years later. Camera position is somewhat lower and to the left of original position. Nonetheless, this scene shows a dramatic change following earlier...
    • Slope outside of old mining town of Marysville

    • 1901
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Marysville (Mont.); Douglas fir; Tailings (Metallurgy); Understory plants
    • Slope outside of old mining town of Marysville, Montana. Plate 28a (1901) Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 5300 ft (1616 m). A southeast view of slope just outside the old mining town of Marysville, Montana. Railroad tracks, tailings,...
    • Slopes above Haystack Springs in Dry Range

    • 1981-09-24
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Lewis and Clark National Forest (Mont.); Log cabins; Douglas fir; Aspen
    • Slopes above Haystack Springs in Dry Range. Plate 37b (September 24, 1981) 57 years later. Camera was placed approximately 50 yards upslope and behind the original position to avoid aspen that screen original view (inset). Aspen have regenerated...
    • Slopes above Haystack Springs in Dry Range

    • 1924
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Lewis and Clark National Forest (Mont.); Log cabins; Douglas fir; Aspen
    • Slopes above Haystack Springs in Dry Range. Plate 37a (1924) Fire Group 5: Cool-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 5,300 ft (1,616 m) Looking southwest at slopes above Haystack Springs in Dry Range, Lewis and Clark National Forest. Snags indicate a...
    • Slopes above Haystack Springs in Dry Range

    • 1981-09-24
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Lewis and Clark National Forest (Mont.); Log cabins; Aspen; Douglas fir
    • Slopes above Haystack Springs in Dry Range . Plate 37b (September 24, 1981) 57 years later. Camera was placed approximately 50 yards upslope and behind the original position to avoid aspen that screen original view (inset). Aspen have regenerated...
    • Smith River three miles from Spring Coulee

    • 1981
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Smith River (Mont.); Douglas fir
    • Smith River three miles from the head of Spring Coulee. Plate 38b 72 years later. Regeneration and growth of Douglas-fir (outset) made it necessary to move camera approximately 75 yards northeast to the only natural opening. Open slope in 1909...
    • Smith River three miles from Spring Coulee

    • 1981
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Smith River (Mont.); Douglas fir; Conifers
    • Smith River three miles from the head of Spring Coulee. Plate 38b 72 years later. Regeneration and growth of Douglas-fir (outset) made it necessary to move camera approximately 75 yards northeast to the only natural opening. Open slope in 1909...
    • Smith River three miles from Spring Coulee

    • 1909
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Smith River (Mont.); Douglas fir; Understory plants
    • Smith River three miles from the head of Spring Coulee. Plate 38a (1909) Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 4,000 ft (1,220 m) Looking due north across the Smith River from a point approximately 3 miles east from the head of Spring...
    • Soup Creek four Miles above Soup Creek Crossing

    • 1980-07-25
    • Big Belt Mountains (Mont.); Juniperus scopulorum; Douglas fir; Ponderosa pine; Willows; Canyons; Dogwoods
    • Soup Creek four miles above Soup Creek Crossing. Plate 30b. Canyon bottom is now well covered by vegetation including ponderosa pine, Douglas-fir, Rocky Mountain juniper, chokecherry, dogwood, willow, skunkbush, mountain maple, ninebark, and mock...
    • Soup Creek four Miles above Soup Creek Crossing

    • 1900
    • Big Belt Mountains (Mont.); Douglas fir; Prunus virginiana; Canyons; Shrubs
    • Soup Creek four miles above Soup Creek Crossing. Plate 30a. Fire Group 4: Warm-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 4900 fit (1494 m). The camera faces north from the mouth of Soup Creek approximately 4 miles above the Soup Creek crossing at the 'old Smith...
    • South fork of Spanish Creek

    • 1981-07-28
    • Gallatin National Forest (Mont.); Rivers; Mountains; Douglas fir; Shrubs; Aspen; Mountain big sagebrush; Prunus virginiana; Wildfires -- Environmental aspects
    • South fork of Spanish Creek. Plate 74b. Boulders visible in 1931 scene are largely obscured by vegetation that had not been grazed by livestock at the time of the retake. Sagebrush has increased. The large aspen stand at left-midground has...
    • South fork of Spanish Creek

    • 1931-07-08
    • Gallatin National Forest (Mont.); Rivers; Mountains; Douglas fir; Shrubs; Aspen; Mountain big sagebrush; Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Prunus virginiana
    • South fork of Spanish Creek. Plate 74a. Fire group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 6100 ft. (1860 m). Looking south-southeast across the south fork of Spanish Creek from a point 1.5 miles north of the Gallatin National Forest boundary. Open slopes...
    • South Fork of Teton River

    • 1981-09-08
    • Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Choteau (Mont.); Conifers; Douglas fir; Aspen; Shrubs
    • South Fork of Teton River. Plate 18b (September 8, 1981) 82 years later. Mature aspen stands are conspicuous along the forest ecotone. Slopes above support dense conifer cover, mostly Douglas-fir. Canopy closure has resulted in loss of early...
    • South Fork of the Teton River

    • 1899
    • Choteau (Mont.); Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir; Aspen
    • South Fork of Teton River, Montana. Plate 18a (July 19, 1899). Fire Group 5: Cool-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 5100 ft (1555 m). Looking south-southeast across the south fork of the Teton River at a point opposite the Circle 8 Guest Ranch about 35...
    • South of Castle, Montana

    • 1927
    • Castle Town (Mont.); Douglas fir; Conifers; Willows; Sagebrush; Mountains; Rivers
    • 0.5 miles south of Castle, Montana. Plate 36a. Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 6,000 ft. (1,829 m) The view is south-southeast from a point 0.5 miles south of Castle, Montana. Conifer cover is primarily Douglas-fir. Scattered sagebrush...
    • South of Castle, Montana

    • 1979-09-11
    • Castle Town (Mont.); Douglas fir; Conifers; Willows; Sagebrush; Mountains; Rivers; Aspen
    • 0.5 miles south of Castle, Montana. Plate 36b. Douglas-fir saplings in foreground required moving camera point approximately 150 feet below original position. Many sites that were formerly open are now occupied by Douglas-fir. The increased tree...
    • Tobacco Root Range from Sheridan, Montana

    • 1903; 1904; 1905; 1906; 1907
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Tobacco Root Mountains (Mont.); Sheridan (Mont.) -- Buildings, structures, etc.; Douglas fir; Conifers
    • Tobacco Root Range from Sheridan, Montana. Plate 65a (ca. 1903-07) Fire Group 5: Cool-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 5100 ft (1555 m). Looking east-northeast toward the Tobacco Root Range from Sheridan, Montana. Drainage on left is Indian Creek. Except...
    • Tobacco Root Range from Sheridan, Montana

    • 1980-09-03
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Tobacco Root Mountains (Mont.); Sheridan (Mont.) -- Buildings, structures, etc.; Douglas fir; Junipers; Conifers
    • Tobacco Root Range from Sheridan, Montana. Plate 65b (September 3, 1980) About 75 years later. Douglas-fir and Rocky Mountain juniper have regenerated profusely. Localities that formerly supported sparse conifer stands are now densely stocked....
    • Tributaries of Blacktail Deer Creek

    • 1981-07-08
    • Blacktail Deer Creek (Beaverhead County, Mont.); Blacktail Mountains (Mont.); Rivers; Canyons; Limber pine; Sagebrush; Juniperus scopulorum; Douglas fir
    • Teddy Creek and Price's Creek tributaries of Blacktail Deer Creek. Plate 55b. Camera point was moved about 30 feet north to avoid screen of Rocky Mountain juniper and limber pine. Sagebrush density has increased on ridge in foreground, bottomland,...
    • Trout Creek narrows below York, Montana

    • 1872
    • Trout Creek (Mont.); Helena National Forest (Mont.); Shrubs; Ponderosa pine; Douglas fir; Juniperus scopulorum; Cercocarpus ledifolius; Flumes; Canyons
    • Trout Creek narrows below York, Montana. Plate 31a. Mahogany Fire Group. Elevation 3900 ft. (1889 m). Looking northeast at the Trout Creek narrows below York, Montana, on the Helena Ranger District, Helena National Forest. Flume was constructed to...
    • Two lumberjacks chopping down a tree

    •  
    • Loggers; Logging; Larches; Spruce; Douglas fir; Understory plants; Axes;
    • Two lumberjacks chopping down a tree. Picture shows forest character of uneven aged larch stand with an understory of spruce, balsam and some Douglas fir trees. Note two blazes on tree indicating forester has designated tree as ripe and ready for...
    • Two Medicine Ridge northeast of East Glacier

    • 1981-09-27
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; East Glacier Park (Mont.); Whitebark pine; Lodgepole pine; Abies lasiocarpa; Douglas fir; Aspen; Grasses
    • From a position on Two Medicine Ridge six miles northeast of East Glacier, Montana. Plate 17b (September 27, 1981). 60 years later. Conifers include whitebark pine, lodgepole pine, subalpine fir, and Douglas fir. The dry slopes dominated by...
    • U.S. Highway 10A northeast of Philipsburg

    • 1906; 1907; 1908
    • Philipsburg (Mont.); Juniperus scopulorum; Douglas fir; Ponderosa pine; Lodgepole pine; Aspen; Shrubs; Trees; Forests and forestry; Conifers
    • U. S. Highway 10A, 8 miles northeast of Philipsburg, Montana. Plate 16a. Fire Group 6: Moist Douglas-fir. Elevation 5,000 ft. (1,524 m). Looking northeast from point now occupied by U.S. Highway 10A, 8 miles northeast of Philipsburg, Montana....
    • U.S. Highway 10A northeast of Philipsburg

    • 1981-07-21
    • Philipsburg (Mont.); Juniperus scopulorum; Douglas fir; Ponderosa pine; Lodgepole pine; Aspen; Shrubs; Trees; Forests and forestry; Conifers; Symphoricarpos albus
    • U. S. Highway 10A, 8 miles northeast of Philipsburg, Montana. Plate 16br. Except for the portion of clearcut visible at right-midground, the landscape above highway right-of-way is now covered by a dense stand of conifers dominated by Douglas-fir....
    • Wallace, Idaho

    • 1980-07-01
    • Wallace (Idaho); Cities and towns; Forests and forestry; Mountains; Trees; Forest plants; Douglas fir; Understory plants
    • Wallace, Idaho. Plate 3b. Douglas-fir regeneration screens part of the original view. Douglas-fir have filled in most of the openings on the distant slopes. Understory vegetation on the southeast-facing slopes directly behind town includes many...
    • Whites Gulch in Big Belt Mountains

    • 1898
    • Big Belt Mountains (Mont.); Helena National Forest (Mont.); Black cottonwood; Aspen; Willows; Douglas fir; Alder; Canyons
    • Whites Gulch in Big Belt Mountains. Plate 34a. Fire Group 4: Warm-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 4,500 ft. (1,372 m) A view due east up Whites Gulch in the Big Belt Mountains from a point on the Helena National Forest boundary. South slope on left...
    • Whites Gulch in Big Belt Mountains

    • 1980-07-26
    • Big Belt Mountains (Mont.); Helena National Forest (Mont.); Douglas fir; Juniperus scopulorum; Mountain big sagebrush
    • Whites Gulch in Big Belt Mountains. Plate 34b. This view is offset approximately 50 feet upslope to avoid vegetation that screens original view. Grass cover in foreground had not been grazed by livestock as of July 26. Canyon bottom now supports...
    • Yellowstone River, southeast of Livingston

    • 1981-07-27
    • Yellowstone River; Mountains; Douglas fir; Limber pine; Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Juniperus scopulorum
    • Yellowstone River ten miles southeast of Livingston, Montana. Plate 78b. A dense stand of Douglas-fir, limber pine, and Rocky Mountain juniper now occupies near slope shown in original view. The grass cover on this slope has been largely eliminated...
    • Yellowstone River, southeast of Livingston

    • 1871
    • Yellowstone River; Mountains; Douglas fir; Limber pine; Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Idaho fescue
    • Yellowstone River ten miles southeast of Livingston, Montana. Plate 78a. Fire Group 5: Cool-dry Douglas-fir. Elevation 6200 ft. (1890 m). High on the slopes above the Yellowstone River 10 miles southeast of Livingston, the view is east towards the...
    • Yogo Creek above the American Sapphire Mine

    • 1980-08-20
    • Yogo Creek (Mont.); Little Belt Mountains (Mont.); Lewis and Clark National Forest (Mont.); Fergus County (Mont.); Sapphire mines and mining; Douglas fir; Ponderosa pine; Roads; Canyons
    • Yogo Creek above the American Sapphire Mine, Little Belt Mountains. Plate 42b. Douglas-fir predominates on old burn at left. Ponderosa pine stand on the drier southwest slope on right shows less change. Alteration of canyon bottom by road...

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