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You've searched: Archival Photographs from the University of Montana

  • All fields: Gruell, George E.
(39 results)



Display: 100

    • Across Smith Creek toward Crown Mountain

    • 1981-09-16
    • Rocky Mountains; Lewis and Clark National Forest (Mont.); Douglas fir; Forests and forestry
    • Across Smith Creek toward Crown Mountain on east front of Rockies. Plate 23b. Slopes below camera point and adjacent terrain as well as near slope are now densely covered by Douglas-fir. View was obtained by cutting screening fir and climbing one...
    • Alder Gulch above Virginia City, Montana

    • 1981
    • Mines and mineral resources -- Environmental aspects; Alder Gulch (Madison County, Mont.); Juniperus scopulorum; Douglas fir; Wheatgrasses; Shrubs; Trees
    • Alder Gulch 2.2 miles above Virginia City, Montana. Plate 68b (July 28, 1981) 110 years later. The large Douglas-fir in foreground-left (arrow) is the same pictured in the original scene. Regeneration of Douglas-fir and Rocky Mountain juniper on...
    • Alder Gulch, Montana

    • 1981-06-21
    • Junipers; Riparian plants
    • Alder Gulch, three miles below Nevada City, Montana. Plate 66b. Heavily disturbed riparian bottoms have shown remarkable recovery and currently support an excellent mix of wildlife cover plants. Junipers on far slope have increased in number and...
    • Blacktail Deer Creek above Whiskey Springs

    • 1981-06-23
    • Blacktail Deer Creek (Beaverhead County, Mont.); Landscape photography; Forest fires
    • Blacktail Deer Creek 1.5 miles above Whiskey Springs. Plate 54b (June 23, 1981) 53 years later. Flat effects of heavy livestock grazing. Sagebrush stand on toe slope at left has expanded down slope. In distance, aspen have matured in canyon...
    • Bradley Creek drainage south of Norris, Montana

    • 1981-07-29
    • Norris (Mont.); Pastures; Aspen; Conifers
    • Bradley Creek drainage four miles south of Norris, Montana. Plate 69b (July 29, 1981) 80 years later. Foreground is in fenced pasture. Aspen clone at left has regenerated from suckers. Conifers are more dense, and skunkbrush on lower slope at...
    • Campfire Lodge Resort in Madison River Canyon

    • 1981-07-15
    • Madison River (Wyo. and Mont.); Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir; Aspen; Bromegrasses; Epilobium angustifolium; Madison River Valley (Wyo. and Mont.)
    • Campfire Lodge Resort in Madison River Canyon. Plate 72b. Structures made it necessary to move camera to left of original position. Canyon bottom shows evidence of having been cultivated earlier. Smooth brome and fireweed comprise a significant...
    • Clearwater River from Gilfillian Creek

    • 1982-09-01
    • Clearwater River (Idaho); Forest fires; Wildfires; Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Conifers; Shrubs;
    • Clearwater River from Gilfillian Creek. Plate 1b. Camera point was moved about 30 feet to the left to avoid screening trees, while other trees were cut to obtain a less obstructed view. Conifers now dominate slope on the opposite side of the...
    • Columbia Mountain and Teakettle Mountain

    • 1981-08-28
    • Montana; Mountains; Wildfires; Forest fires; Forests and forestry; Trees; Fir
    • Columbia Mountain (left) and Teakettle Mountain, Montana. Plate 9b. Photograph taken from ground level through haze caused by wildfires. Valley floor and mountains in distance are now largely covered by dense stands of lodgepole pine and...
    • Continental Divide north of Red Rock Pass

    • 1981-06-25
    • Targhee National Forest (Idaho and Wyo.); Landscape photography; Forest fires
    • Continental Divide .25 miles north of Red Rock Pass. Plate 56b (June 25, 1981) 53 years later. Snag at lower left is same one pictured in original view. Shrubs in foreground and midground are primarily sagebrush and snowberry. Aspen stands have...
    • Cyanide Mountain on the Wood Canyon drainage

    • 1981-09-16
    • Rocky Mountains; Mountains; Douglas fir; Forests and forestry; Aspen; Conifers
    • Cyanide Mountain on the Wood Canyon drainage. Plate 24b. Camera was moved about 100 yards down slope from original position to avoid trees that screened view. Closure of Douglas-fir canopy (lower left) has resulted in deterioration of aspen and...
    • Daphnia Pond and Swan Range on Flathead Lake

    • 1981-09-28
    • Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Flathead Lake (Mont.); Douglas fir; Ponderosa pine; Larches; Spruce; Typha; Cottonwood; Dogwoods
    • Daphnia Pond and Swan Range on the east side of Flathead Lake. Plate 8b (September 28, 1981) 79 years later. Fall haze obscures Swan Range in distance. Cattail growth now obscures pond surface. Dense conifers including ponderosa pine, Douglas-fir,...
    • Deep Creek, Beaverhead Mountains in distance

    • 1981
    • Beaverhead Mountains (Idaho and Mont.); Douglas fir; Conifers; Forests and forestry
    • Deep Creek, Beaverhead Mountains in distance. Plate 52b. Douglas-fir shows a marked increase in density along Deep Creek and on the distant slopes of the Beaverhead Mountains. Sites that formerly supported few or no conifers are now covered by...
    • Dirty Dick Gulch north of Philipsburg

    • 1981-07-21
    • Philipsburg (Mont.); Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Grasses; Douglas fir; Conifers; Junipers; Idaho fescue
    • Dirty Dick Gulch - Two miles north of Philipsburg, Montana. Plate 15b. Production of bluebunch wheatgrass has declined because of encroachment of Douglas-fir and Rocky Mountain juniper. A dense Douglas-fir stand now occupies canyon bottom and north...
    • Flathead River and Apgar Mountain

    • 1981-08-28
    • Flathead River (B.C. and Mont.); Mountains; Rivers; Forests and forestry; Spruce; Larches; Fir; Douglas fir; Abies lasiocarpa; Lodgepole pine; Forests and forestry
    • Flathead River and Apgar Mountain (L center). Plate 10b. Valley bottom and adjacent slopes in distance are now densely covered by lodgepole pine, Douglas-fir, subalpine fir, spruce, and larch. The rich subalpine fir habitat types in this valley...
    • Flint Creek Range

    • 1981-07-21
    • Flint Creek Range (Mont.); Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Grazing; Moraines; Grasslands; Lodgepole pine
    • Flint Creek Range. Plate 14b. Perennial grasses had not been utilized by livestock as of July 21, 1981. Dense Douglas-fir now occupy the formerly open moraine in midground. Dense lodgepole pine and Douglas-fir cover distant slopes.
    • Goat Creek above mouth of the Thompson River

    • 1981
    • Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Douglas fir; Ponderosa pine; Conifers; Shrubs
    • Goat Creek 2 miles above mouth of the Thompson River. Plate 6b (September 9, 1981) 53 years later. State Highway 200 now runs through foreground. Closure of Douglas-fir and ponderosa pine forest canopy on slope at left has resulted in decline in...
    • Granite Mountain, Idaho

    • 1981-09-15
    • Idaho; Mountains; Trees; Forest plants; Forests and forestry; Understory plants
    • Granite Mountain, Idaho. Plate 2b. Because of tree growth, camera point was moved, but photo approximates original coverage. Most snags in earlier photo have fallen and have partially decomposed. Conifers are mainly lodgepole pine, Douglas-fir,...
    • Grasshopper Creek one mile below Bannack, Montana

    • 1981-07-09
    • Bannack (Mont.); Grasshopper Creek (Beaverhead County, Mont.); Forest fires; Landscape photography
    • Grasshopper Creek one mile below Bannack, Montana. Plate 48b (July 9, 1981) Ca. 80-90 years later. Stream course is now covered by willow and other shrubs. Sagebrush has revegetated dredge tailings. Conifer cover on distant slopes has increased. ...
    • Knowles Creek, a tributary to the Clark Fork River

    • 1981-09-15
    • Clark Fork (Mont. and Idaho); Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Logging; Grazing; Alluvial fans; Purshia tridentata; Conifers
    • Knowles Creek, a tributary to the Clark Fork River. Plate 7b. Dense conifer growth made it necessary to move camera several hundred yards to an elevated position. Widely scattered stumps in midground (some showing scars from eight different fires)...
    • Madison River below Highway 84 bridge

    • 1982-08-31
    • Madison River (Wyo. and Mont.); Rivers; Bridges; Roads; Douglas fir; Limber pine; Juniperus scopulorum; Cercocarpus ledifolius; Gallatin County (Mont.)
    • Madison River .3 miles below present Highway 84 bridge crossing. Plate 70b. Logging in the latter 1800's and the absence of fire allowed mahogany to proliferate. Note the large stand at right (arrow) that is growing on a site formerly dominated by...
    • North end of Henrys Lake, Idaho

    • 1981-06-25
    • Henrys Lake (Idaho); Landscape photography; Forest fires
    • North end of Henrys Lake. Plate 58b (June 25, 1981) 109 years later. Foreground now supports a dense mountain big sagebrush stand. Associated vegetation includes scattered snowberry that is being outcompeted by sagebrush, Idaho fescue, bluebench...
    • North Fork of Big Hole River

    • 1980-06-25
    • Big Hole River (Mont.); Landscape photography; Forest fires
    • North Fork of Big Hole River toward Battle Mountain. Plate 47b (June 25, 1980) 64 years later. Willows appear to be more dense and Douglas-fir are invading what was formerly an open slope. The sparse appearance in upper branches of the sniper...
    • Papoose Creek toward the Madison Range

    • 1981-06-24
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Madison Range (Mont.); Beaverhead National Forest (Mont.); Spruce; Douglas fir; Aspen
    • Looking north across Papoose Creek toward the Madison Range. Plate 60b (June 24, 1981) 54 years later. Camera was moved approximately 50 yards down ridge to the only view that was not fully screened by growth of trees. The absence of fire has...
    • Pleasant Valley Creek south of Monida Pass

    • 1981-08-15
    • Monida (Mont.); Landscape photography; Forest fires
    • Pleasant Valley Creek 8.4 miles south of Monida Pass. Plate 53b (August 15, 1981) 110 years later. Camera point has been altered by highway construction. Homestead has been removed and road in valley is no longer used by interstate travelers...
    • Rattlesnake Cliffs southwest from Dillon

    • 1981-08-08
    • Dillon (Mont.); Cliffs; Cottonwood; Sagebrush; Grasslands; Fences; Pastures; Roads
    • Rattlesnake Cliffs, ten miles southwest from Dillon, Montana. Plate 50b. Livestock grazing and absence of wildfire in this locality has allowed sagebrush to invade foreground and flats outside of fenced fields. Sagebrush cover on lower slopes at...
    • Residence in Ross Hole

    • 1980-06-17
    • Sula (Mont.); Bitterroot National Forest (Mont. and Idaho); Log cabins; Dwellings; Trees; Mountains; Douglas fir; Ponderosa pine; Understory plants
    • Jake Wetzsteon residence in Ross Hole. Plate 13b. New road alignment necessitated placement of camera at lower position. Fire exclusion and no logging have allowed unrestricted development of conifers. Fire scar sampling of ponderosa pine in this...
    • Ruby River & Gravelly Range near Vigilante Station

    • 1981-06-02
    • Ruby Valley (Mont.); Ruby River (Mont.); Douglas fir; Aspen; Sagebrush; Forests and forestry
    • Ruby River and Gravelly Range near Vigilante Station. Plate 63b. Douglas-fir now dominates both the sagebrush on the near slope and the aspen in the drainages. Distant slopes show increase in tree cover on both dry and moist sites.
    • Sawtell Peak southwest of Henrys Lake

    • 1981-06-25
    • Henrys Lake (Idaho); Landscape photography; Forest fires
    • Sawtell Peak from valley floor 2.5 miles southwest of Henrys Lake. Plate 57b (June 25, 1981) 53 years later. Lack of reference points in foreground and midground precluded close duplication of original camera point. Openings and sparsely vegetated...
    • Sawtooth Ridge on Sun River Game Range

    • 1981-09-17
    • Sun River Valley (Mont.); Forest fires -- Environmental aspects; Trees; Limber pine; Conifers
    • Sawtooth Ridge on Sun River Game Range. Plate 19b. Limber pine are more dense along ridges and have become established on concave slopes and bottomlands. Distant slopes show extent of conifer regeneration south of Sun River pictured in plate 13b.
    • Slopes above Haystack Springs in Dry Range

    • 1981-09-24
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Lewis and Clark National Forest (Mont.); Log cabins; Douglas fir; Aspen
    • Slopes above Haystack Springs in Dry Range. Plate 37b (September 24, 1981) 57 years later. Camera was placed approximately 50 yards upslope and behind the original position to avoid aspen that screen original view (inset). Aspen have regenerated...
    • Slopes above Haystack Springs in Dry Range

    • 1981-09-24
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Lewis and Clark National Forest (Mont.); Log cabins; Aspen; Douglas fir
    • Slopes above Haystack Springs in Dry Range . Plate 37b (September 24, 1981) 57 years later. Camera was placed approximately 50 yards upslope and behind the original position to avoid aspen that screen original view (inset). Aspen have regenerated...
    • Smith River three miles from Spring Coulee

    • 1981
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Smith River (Mont.); Douglas fir; Conifers
    • Smith River three miles from the head of Spring Coulee. Plate 38b 72 years later. Regeneration and growth of Douglas-fir (outset) made it necessary to move camera approximately 75 yards northeast to the only natural opening. Open slope in 1909...
    • Smith River three miles from Spring Coulee

    • 1981
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; Smith River (Mont.); Douglas fir
    • Smith River three miles from the head of Spring Coulee. Plate 38b 72 years later. Regeneration and growth of Douglas-fir (outset) made it necessary to move camera approximately 75 yards northeast to the only natural opening. Open slope in 1909...
    • Snowline Ranch 7.3 miles east of Lima, Montana

    • 1981-06-02
    • Lima (Mont.); Landscape photography; Forest fires
    • Snowline Ranch 7.3 miles east of Lima, Montana. Plate 51b (June 2, 1981) Railroad right-of-way and Snowline Ranch now occupy valley bottom. Fire's absence since 1890 has allowed Douglas-fir to develop and displace several aspen. Aspen communities...
    • South fork of Spanish Creek

    • 1981-07-28
    • Gallatin National Forest (Mont.); Rivers; Mountains; Douglas fir; Shrubs; Aspen; Mountain big sagebrush; Prunus virginiana; Wildfires -- Environmental aspects
    • South fork of Spanish Creek. Plate 74b. Boulders visible in 1931 scene are largely obscured by vegetation that had not been grazed by livestock at the time of the retake. Sagebrush has increased. The large aspen stand at left-midground has...
    • Staley Springs Resort below Black Mountains

    • 1981-07-31
    • Henrys Lake (Idaho); Landscape photography; Forest fires
    • Staley Springs Resort below Black Mountains. Plate 59b July 31, 1981. Original view was screened by cabins, making it necessary to move camera north. Lake now covers low lying areas at right. Absence of fire for over 100 years has allowed...
    • Tributaries of Blacktail Deer Creek

    • 1981-07-08
    • Blacktail Deer Creek (Beaverhead County, Mont.); Blacktail Mountains (Mont.); Rivers; Canyons; Limber pine; Sagebrush; Juniperus scopulorum; Douglas fir
    • Teddy Creek and Price's Creek tributaries of Blacktail Deer Creek. Plate 55b. Camera point was moved about 30 feet north to avoid screen of Rocky Mountain juniper and limber pine. Sagebrush density has increased on ridge in foreground, bottomland,...
    • Two Medicine Ridge northeast of East Glacier

    • 1981-09-27
    • Wildfires -- Environmental aspects; East Glacier Park (Mont.); Whitebark pine; Lodgepole pine; Abies lasiocarpa; Douglas fir; Aspen; Grasses
    • From a position on Two Medicine Ridge six miles northeast of East Glacier, Montana. Plate 17b (September 27, 1981). 60 years later. Conifers include whitebark pine, lodgepole pine, subalpine fir, and Douglas fir. The dry slopes dominated by...
    • U.S. Highway 10A northeast of Philipsburg

    • 1981-07-21
    • Philipsburg (Mont.); Juniperus scopulorum; Douglas fir; Ponderosa pine; Lodgepole pine; Aspen; Shrubs; Trees; Forests and forestry; Conifers; Symphoricarpos albus
    • U. S. Highway 10A, 8 miles northeast of Philipsburg, Montana. Plate 16br. Except for the portion of clearcut visible at right-midground, the landscape above highway right-of-way is now covered by a dense stand of conifers dominated by Douglas-fir....

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